India has always been known to have a “Tropical Monsoon” kind of climate that the natives have grown used to. The word monsoon derives from the Arabic word “mausim”, which when translated, means a seasonal reversal of the winds during the duration of the year. In simplistic terms, it means that India is known as a land with an elongated dry season that is soon followed by a period of heavy rainfall. This climate affects an array of things in India, such as agriculture, the natural plant life, and the ways the natives have adapted to the weather.
The Current Climate in India
The entirety of India is known for having the tropical monsoon climate. This is caused by the larger portion of the country being in a topological area where the occurrence of monsoons commonly influences the climate. The mountainous areas of India are the main factors that determine the weather the rest of the country sees.
Due to the intense winds that carry mounds of rain clouds, India is known to experience bouts of dryness and rainfall depending on the direction of the winds during the seasons, which are usually randomised. One of the main characters of India, other than the delicious foods and rich culture, is the constant alternating seasons.
Factors that Affect the Climate Change in India
The latitude of the country, which refers to the angular distance of a location that is either north or south of the earth’s equator. Indian’s latitude happens to lie between 20 N and 78.9 E. The tropic of Cancer is known to pass through the middle of India, thus splitting India into two district weather halves. The southern half being known as the Torrid Zone and the northern half being described as the Temperature Zone.
Another factor is the stunning Himalaya Mountain range. The mountain rage plays a large role in climate in India as it manages to prevent the cold winds that originated in Northern Asia from blowing constantly into India. Which happens to protect the country from having freezing cold winters filled with snowfall. However, the mountain range also prevents the monsoon winds from leaving the country, which traps the constant moisture.
The altitude. It’s a known fact the temperature decreases with height. This leads to places on the mountain range being way cooler than places on the plains. Distance from the oceans. Although certain parts are India are found on the coastline and have a more normalised climate. Places that are located in northern India, which are further away from the sea, are known for having more extreme climates.
India’s Geographic Limitations
Disturbances in the West: Many of the lower pressure systems that initially begin in the eastern Mediterranean regions during the winter season constantly move eastwards towards India, while passing over places such as Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, is the reason why Northern India experiences such intense winter rain.
Climate Conditions in Surrounding Areas: The temperature and weather pressure conditions present in East Africa, Central Asia, Iran, and Tibet combined will determine the strength of the monsoons and the dry spells that India sees seasonally. As a random example, if the temperatures are higher in East Africa, it could lead the monsoons out of India and that region, which will result in an elongated dry spell.
Ocean Conditions: The weather pressure and conditions that appear over the Indian Ocean along with the China sea are sometimes responsible for the occasional typhoons that form and usually only affect the east coast of India and its residents.