The Republic of India is a country located in South Asia, bounded by the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal. Currently, the second most populous country of the planet, with an average of 1.2 billion people, India has an incredible amount of religion – more than 6 – and, believe it or not, does not have a national language but does have English and Hindi as official languages. India has a long historical record that shows how the country is always suffering from major and minor changes, that reflects on the entire world.
Ranked sixth largest by nominal GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and third largest by purchasing power parity in 2017, the Indian Economy suffered major changer throughout the years. Although India is considered one of the fastest-growing major economies and a newly industrialized country, it still faces problems that emerged from all the years of the fight for territory, that left behind nothing but a multilingual and multi-ethnic society. However, the Indian history also displays the braveness and strength of a people that stood against all odds and created their own country. With a beautiful history that dates back to 7000BCE, when the first civilization appeared on the banks of the Hindu River, India was the main stage for numerous invasions of Aryan tribes and nomadic people, who probably came from Iran.
That is when the Vedic Age began, which was when the most important and oldest scriptures associated with the Hinduism were created, the Vedas. There are four of them – the Rig-Veda, the Yajur-Veda, the Sama-Veda, and the Atharva-Veda -, which are able to give insights on how was the life and the society during that period, including the creation of the caste system. After the Vedic Age, the Buddhism and the Jainism arose, and, later, the Islamism was introduced by the invasion of the Turks, Arabs and Afghans. Years and years later, the Mughal Dynasty had its beginning and changed the Indian architecture, the Taj Mahal, for example, was built during that era.
Na important Indian figure, who is known worldwide, is Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma stands for Great Soul, and that basically sums up his importance to the Indian people. Gandhi was able to bring back the Indian nationalism and pride as he freed India from the control of England after the World War II. As someone who strongly preached against violence, Gandhi would protest by hunger strike as he believes that the Satyagraha – which can mean “Insistence on truth” – was the only option for Independence. Up until this day, Gandhi is still inspiring to newer generations and was able to inspire great names such as Martin Luther King Jr and Mandela.
The Republic of India is literally a big country, it has a vast culture and an extremely long history. However, because of that, India is one of the countries with the most diverse population, which although faces problems ever since the beginning, still are capable of growing. Currently one of the fastest-growing major economies countries in the world, India proves that a country is capable of overcoming old and new problems and face all odds.